Bicycles are an improved means of transportation from the first wooden bike created in the 1880s. Initially, bicycles were the only means for the upper class, gradually they became universal vehicles. After that, they were improved from the ones which difficult to control and were prone to accidents.
The formation of cycling
The first cycling race in history was held in Hendon, Middlesex in England in June 1868. By 1893, the world bike race was established and in 1896, cycling was added to the subject sports competitions in the Olympics.
Tour de France was introduced in 1903. About 60 riders competed at about 2,500 km in 19 days. But the goal behind the race is not to promote this sport but to increase revenue for L’Auto newspaper.
Modern bicycle racing
Bicycle racing is a professional sport with the participation of national teams at the annual world championships and the Olympics. At the international level, the Union Cycliste Nationale (UCI) is the governing body of this sport.
The shortest races are the opening race or the distance for individuals to compete, often organized in the form of excursion or the start of the race. For example, the opening for the Olympics and the World Championship is a distance of 40km. Races have a day of competition including the Paris-Roubaix World Championship and the Olympic games. Other races often have very long distances, such as the Tour de France, which takes 21 to 22 days to complete.
The bicycles participating in the tournament are getting more and more improved. Suspension rigs, suspension frames, synthetic gears, aerodynamic design, helmets and lightweight materials like carbon fiber are the factors that make bicycles faster at races. Throughout the history of cycling and especially since the 1980s, there has been a conflict between organizers about the scientific improvement of racing bikes and the rules of the track. This prompted UCI to draft the Lugano Rule in 1996, which laid down technical regulations for the cars participating in the tournament. This idea brings fairness to riders because this is a sports competition, not a technology race, according to UCI.